Influence of different CH4/N2 ratios on structural and mechanical properties of a-CNx : H film synthesized using plasma focus
Umar, Z. A.
Rawat, R. S.
Date of Issue2014
School of Materials Science and Engineering
Carbon nitride films were synthesized by operating the dense plasma focus device with different CH4/N2 admixture gas ratios and fixed 20 focus shots. The pressure and axial distance from anode tip were kept constant at 3 mbar and 8 cm respectively. Raman and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) techniques were used to observe the effect of CH4/N2 ratio on carbon nitride bonding. The XPS analysis showed that the terminating group C≡N is more dominant for the films synthesized using higher concentration of nitrogen which gives softer films. Field emission scanning electron microscopy results showed that the deposited films consist of nanoparticles and their agglomerates. The size of agglomerates increases with decreasing concentration of nitrogen in CH4/N2 admixture gas. Nanoindentation results showed the increase in hardness and elastic modulus values of films with decreasing concentration of nitrogen in CH4/N2 admixture gas. The hardness and elastic modulus values were found to be dependent on sp3 content in the film as well as the C≡N. The hardness and elastic modulus values of 10.7 and 229.8 GPa respectively were achieved for the films deposited with fixed 20 focus deposition shots and using CH4/N2 admixture gas ratio of 7:3.
Materials Science and Engineering
Journal of fusion energy
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