dc.contributor.authorLee, Jian-Yuan
dc.contributor.authorQi, Saren
dc.contributor.authorLiu, Xin
dc.contributor.authorLi, Ye
dc.contributor.authorHuo, Fengwei
dc.contributor.authorTang, Chuyang Y.
dc.identifier.citationLee, J.-Y., Qi, S., Liu, X., Li, Y., Huo, F., & Tang, C. Y. (2014). Synthesis and characterization of silica gel-polyacrylonitrile mixed matrix forward osmosis membranes based on layer-by-layer assembly. Separation and purification technology, 124, 207-216.en_US
dc.description.abstractSilica gel (SG)–polyacrylonitrile (PAN) composite forward osmosis (FO) membranes have been synthesized and characterized in the present work. The incorporation of SG particles into the PAN support layer significantly changed its water permeability and salt rejection rate. In the range of 0.25–1.0 wt.% SG loading, water permeability of membranes were enhanced after the embedment of SG, most likely due to the both porous nature of SG and the enhanced substrate porosity. However, a reduction in both water permeability and salt rejection was observed if further increase in SG loading (2.0 wt.%), possibly as a result of the agglomeration of SG. The most permeable SG–PAN FO membrane (M1.00, with 1.0 wt.% SG loading) had a significantly higher water permeability compared to the control pure PAN FO membrane (M0.00). This membrane achieved high FO water fluxes of >100 L/m2 h was achieved by using the 1 M MgCl2 as the draw solution (DS) and 0–10 mM NaCl as the feed solution (FS). To the best knowledge of the authors, this is the first study reporting the development and application of SG–PAN mixed matrix FO membranes (MMMs) based on layer-by-layer assembly.en_US
dc.relation.ispartofseriesSeparation and purification technologyen_US
dc.rights© 2014 Elsevier B.V.en_US
dc.subjectDRNTU::Engineering::Chemical engineering::Processes and operations
dc.titleSynthesis and characterization of silica gel-polyacrylonitrile mixed matrix forward osmosis membranes based on layer-by-layer assemblyen_US
dc.typeJournal Article
dc.contributor.researchNanyang Environment and Water Research Instituteen_US
dc.contributor.researchSingapore Membrane Technology Centreen_US
dc.contributor.schoolSchool of Civil and Environmental Engineeringen_US
dc.contributor.schoolSchool of Materials Science and Engineeringen_US

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