dc.contributor.authorLim, Yee Yan
dc.contributor.authorSoh, Chee Kiong
dc.date.accessioned2015-01-15T04:59:00Z
dc.date.available2015-01-15T04:59:00Z
dc.date.copyright2013en_US
dc.date.issued2013
dc.identifier.citationLim, Y. Y., & Soh, C. K. (2013). Damage detction and characterization using EMI technique under varying axial load. Smart structures and systems, 11(4), 349-364.en_US
dc.identifier.issn1738-1584en_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10220/24630
dc.description.abstractRecently, researchers in the field of structural health monitoring (SHM) have been rigorously striving to replace the conventional NDE techniques with the smart material based SHM techniques, employing smart materials such as piezoelectric materials. For instance, the electromechanical impedance (EMI) technique employing piezo-impedance (lead zirconate titanate, PZT) transducer is known for its sensitivity in detecting local damage. For practical applications, various external factors such as fluctuations of temperature and loading, affecting the effectiveness of the EMI technique ought to be understood and compensated. This paper aims at investigating the damage monitoring capability of EMI technique in the presence of axial stress with fixed boundary condition. A compensation technique using effective frequency shift (EFS) by cross-correlation analysis was incorporated to compensate the effect of loading and boundary stiffening. Experimental tests were conducted by inducing damages on lab-sized aluminium beams in the presence of tensile and compressive forces. Two types of damages, crack propagation and bolts loosening were simulated. With EFS for compensation, both cross-correlation coefficient (CC) index and reduction in peak frequency were found to be efficient in characterizing damages in the presence of varying axial loading.en_US
dc.format.extent32 p.en_US
dc.language.isoenen_US
dc.relation.ispartofseriesSmart structures and systemsen_US
dc.rights© 2013 Techno Press. This is the author created version of a work that has been peer reviewed and accepted for publication by Smart Structures and Systems, Techno Press. It incorporates referee’s comments but changes resulting from the publishing process, such as copyediting, structural formatting, may not be reflected in this document. The published version is available at: [Article DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12989/sss.2013.11.4.349].en_US
dc.subjectDRNTU::Engineering::Civil engineering::Structures and design
dc.titleDamage detection and characterization using EMI technique under varying axial loaden_US
dc.typeJournal Article
dc.contributor.schoolSchool of Civil and Environmental Engineeringen_US
dc.identifier.doihttp://dx.doi.org/10.12989/sss.2013.11.4.349
dc.description.versionAccepted versionen_US


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