Glowing graphene quantum dots and carbon dots : properties, syntheses, and biological applications
Zheng, Xin Ting
Luo, Kathy Qian
Date of Issue2014
School of Chemical and Biomedical Engineering
The emerging graphene quantum dots (GQDs) and carbon dots (C-dots) have gained tremendous attention for their enormous potentials for biomedical applications, owing to their unique and tunable photoluminescence properties, exceptional physicochemical properties, high photostability, biocompatibility, and small size. This article aims to update the latest results in this rapidly evolving field and to provide critical insights to inspire more exciting developments. We comparatively review the properties and synthesis methods of these carbon nanodots and place emphasis on their biological (both fundamental and theranostic) applications.
© 2014 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim.