Towards robust and efficient computation in dynamic peer-to-peer networks
Date of Issue2012
SODA'12 Symposium on Discrete Algorithms
School of Physical and Mathematical Sciences
Motivated by the need for robust and fast distributed computation in highly dynamic Peer-to-Peer (P2P) networks, we study algorithms for the fundamental distributed agreement problem. P2P networks are highly dynamic networks that experience heavy node churn (i.e., nodes join and leave the network continuously over time). Our goal is to design fast algorithms (running in a small number of rounds) that guarantee, despite high node churn rate, that almost all nodes reach a stable agreement. Our main contributions are randomized distributed algorithms that guarantee stable almost-everywhere agreement with high probability even under high adversarial churn in a polylogarithmic number of rounds. In particular, we present the following results: 1. An O(log2 n)-round (n is the stable network size) randomized algorithm that achieves almost-everywhere agreement with high probability under up to linear churn per round (i.e., εn, for some small constant ε > 0), assuming that the churn is controlled by an oblivious adversary (that has complete knowledge and control of what nodes join and leave and at what time and has unlimited computational power, but is oblivious to the random choices made by the algorithm). 2. An O(log m log3 n)-round randomized algorithm that achieves almost-everywhere agreement with high probability under up to ε√n churn per round (for some small ε > 0), where m is the size of the input value domain, that works even under an adaptive adversary (that also knows the past random choices made by the algorithm). Our algorithms are the first-known, fully-distributed, agreement algorithms that work under highly dynamic settings (i.e., high churn rates per step). Furthermore, they are localized (i.e., do not require any global topological knowledge), simple, and easy to implement. These algorithms can serve as building blocks for implementing other non-trivial distributed computing tasks in dynamic P2P networks.
© 2012 Society for Industrial and Applied Mathematics. This paper was published in SODA '12 Proceedings of the twenty-third annual ACM-SIAM symposium on Discrete Algorithms and is made available as an electronic reprint (preprint) with permission of Society for Industrial and Applied Mathematics. The paper can be found at the following URL: [http://dl.acm.org/citation.cfm?id=2095163]. One print or electronic copy may be made for personal use only. Systematic or multiple reproduction, distribution to multiple locations via electronic or other means, duplication of any material in this paper for a fee or for commercial purposes, or modification of the content of the paper is prohibited and is subject to penalties under law.