Alignment of rod-shaped single-photon emitters driven by line defects in liquid crystals
Date of Issue2015
School of Physical and Mathematical Sciences
Arrays of liquid crystal defects—linear smectic dislocations—are used to trap semiconductor CdSe/CdS dot-in-rods which behave as single-photon emitters. Measurements of the emission diagram are combined together with measurements of the emitted polarization of the single emitters. It is shown that the dot-in-rods are confined parallel to the linear defects to allow for a minimization of the disorder energy associated with the dislocation cores. It is demonstrated that the electric dipoles associated with the dot-in-rods, tilted with respect to the rods, remain oriented in the plane including the smectic linear defects and perpendicular to the substrate, most likely due to dipole/dipole interactions between the dipoles of the liquid crystal molecules and those of the dot-in-rods. Using smectic dislocations, nanorods can consequently be oriented along a unique direction for a given substrate, independently of the ligands' nature, without any induced aggregation, leading as well to a fixed azimuthal orientation for the dot-in-rods' dipoles. These results open the way for the fine control of nanoparticle anisotropic optical properties, in particular, fine control of single-photon emission polarization.
Advanced functional materials
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