Instability-induced formation and nonequilibrium dynamics of phase defects in polariton condensates
Liew, Timothy Chi Hin
Egorov, O. A.
Ostrovskaya, E. A.
Date of Issue2015
School of Physical and Mathematical Sciences
We study, theoretically and numerically, the onset and development of modulational instability in an incoherently pumped spatially homogeneous polariton condensate. Within the framework of mean-field theory, we identify regimes of modulational instability in two cases: (1) strong feedback between the condensate and reservoir, which may occur in scalar condensates, and (2) parametric scattering in the presence of polarization splitting in spinor condensates. In both cases we investigate the instability-induced textures in space and time including nonequilibrium dynamics of phase dislocations and vortices. In particular we discuss the mechanism of vortex destabilization and formation of spiraling waves. We also identify the presence of topological defects, which take the form of half-vortex pairs in the spinor case, giving an “eyelet” structure in intensity and dipole-type structure in the spin polarization. In the modulationally stable parameter domains, we observe formation of the phase defects in the process of condensate formation from an initially spatially incoherent low-density state. In analogy to the Kibble-Zurek-type scaling for nonequilibrium phase transitions, we find that the defect density scales with the pumping rate.
DRNTU::Science::Physics::Atomic physics::Properties of matter and antimatter
Physical review B - condensed matter and materials physics
© 2015 American Physical Society. This paper was published in Physical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics and is made available as an electronic reprint (preprint) with permission of American Physical Society. The paper can be found at the following official DOI: [http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevB.91.085413]. One print or electronic copy may be made for personal use only. Systematic or multiple reproduction, distribution to multiple locations via electronic or other means, duplication of any material in this paper for a fee or for commercial purposes, or modification of the content of the paper is prohibited and is subject to penalties under law.