Structural basis for PTPA interaction with the invariant C-terminal tail of PP2A
Quistgaard, Esben M.
Date of Issue2014
School of Biological Sciences
Protein phosphatase 2A (PP2A) is a highly abundant heterotrimeric Ser/Thr phosphatase involved in the regulation of a variety of signaling pathways. The PP2A phosphatase activator (PTPA) is an ATP-dependent activation chaperone, which plays a key role in the biogenesis of active PP2A. The C-terminal tail of the catalytic subunit of PP2A is highly conserved and can undergo a number of posttranslational modifications that serve to regulate the function of PP2A. Here we have studied structurally the interaction of PTPA with the conserved C-terminal tail of the catalytic subunit carrying different posttranslational modifications. We have identified an additional interaction site for the invariant C-terminal tail of the catalytic subunit on PTPA, which can be modulated via posttranslational modifications. We show that phosphorylation of Tyr307PP2A-C or carboxymethylation of Leu309PP2A-C abrogates or diminishes binding of the C-terminal tail, whereas phosphorylation of Thr304PP2A-C is of no consequence. We suggest that the invariant C-terminal residues of the catalytic subunit can act as affinity enhancer for different PP2A interaction partners, including PTPA, and a different ‘code’ of posttranslational modifications can favour interactions to one subunit over others.
© 2014 De Gruyter. This paper was published in Biological Chemistry and is made available as an electronic reprint (preprint) with permission of De Gruyter. The paper can be found at the following official DOI: [http://dx.doi.org/10.1515/hsz-2014-0106]. One print or electronic copy may be made for personal use only. Systematic or multiple reproduction, distribution to multiple locations via electronic or other means, duplication of any material in this paper for a fee or for commercial purposes, or modification of the content of the paper is prohibited and is subject to penalties under law.