Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://hdl.handle.net/10356/107315
Title: Early false-belief understanding in traditional non-Western societies
Authors: Barrett, H. Clark
Broesch, Tanya
Scott, Rose M.
He, Zijing
Baillargeon, Renée
Wu, Di
Bolz, Matthias
Henrich, Joseph
Setoh, Peipei
Wang, Jianxin
Laurence, Stephen
Keywords: DRNTU::Social sciences::Sociology::Societies
Issue Date: 2013
Source: Barret, C. H., Broesch, T., Scott, R. M., He, Z., Baillargeon, R., Wu, D. et al. (2015). Early false-belief understanding in traditional non-Western societies. Proceedings of the Royal Society B, 280.
Series/Report no.: Proceedings of the Royal Society B
Abstract: The psychological capacity to recognize that others may hold and act on false beliefs has been proposed to reflect an evolved, species-typical adaptation for social reasoning in humans; however, controversy surrounds the developmental timing and universality of this trait. Cross-cultural studies using elicited-response tasks indicate that the age at which children begin to understand false beliefs ranges from 4 to 7 years across societies, whereas studies using spontaneous-response tasks with Western children indicate that false-belief understanding emerges much earlier, consistent with the hypothesis that false-belief understanding is a psychological adaptation that is universally present in early childhood. To evaluate this hypothesis, we used three spontaneous-response tasks that have revealed early false-belief understanding in the West to test young children in three traditional, non-Western societies: Salar (China), Shuar/Colono (Ecuador) and Yasawan (Fiji). Results were comparable with those from the West, supporting the hypothesis that false-belief understanding reflects an adaptation that is universally present early in development.
URI: https://hdl.handle.net/10356/107315
http://hdl.handle.net/10220/25367
DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1098/rspb.2012.2654
Rights: © 2013 The Authors. This is the author created version of a work that has been peer reviewed and accepted for publication in Proceedings of the Royal Society B, published by The Royal Society on behalf of The Authors. It incorporates referee’s comments but changes resulting from the publishing process, such as copyediting, structural formatting, may not be reflected in this document. The published version is available at: [Article DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1098/rspb.2012.2654].
Fulltext Permission: open
Fulltext Availability: With Fulltext
Appears in Collections:HSS Journal Articles

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