dc.contributor.authorEsposito, Gianluca
dc.contributor.authorSetoh, Peipei
dc.contributor.authorYoshida, Sachine
dc.contributor.authorKuroda, Kumi O.
dc.date.accessioned2015-04-13T01:14:41Z
dc.date.available2015-04-13T01:14:41Z
dc.date.copyright2015en_US
dc.date.issued2015
dc.identifier.citationEsposito, G., Setoh, P., Yoshida, S., & Kuroda, K. O. (2015). The calming effect of maternal carrying in different mammalian species. Frontiers in psychology, 6, 445-.en_US
dc.identifier.issn1664-1078en_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10220/25368
dc.description.abstractAttachment theory postulates that mothers and their infants possess some basic physiological mechanisms that favour their dyadic interaction and bonding. Many studies have focused on the maternal physiological mechanisms that promote attachment (e.g. mothers’ automatic responses to infant faces and/or cries), and relatively less have examined infant physiology. Thus, the physiological mechanisms regulating infant bonding behaviors remain largely undefined. This review elucidates some of the neurobiological mechanisms governing social bonding and cooperation in humans by focusing on maternal carrying and its beneficial effect on mother-infant interaction in mammalian species (e.g. in humans, big cats and rodents). These studies show that infants have a specific calming response to maternal carrying. A human infant carried by his/ her walking mother exhibits a rapid heart rate decrease, and immediately stops voluntary movement and crying compared to when he/ she is held in a sitting position. Furthermore, strikingly similar responses were identified in mouse rodents, who exhibit immobility, diminished ultra-sonic vocalizations and heart rate. In general, the studies described in the current review demonstrate the calming effect of maternal carrying to be comprised of a complex set of behavioral and physiological components, each of which has a specific postnatal time window and is orchestrated in a well-matched manner with the maturation of the infants. Such reactions could have been evolutionarily adaptive in mammalian mother-infant interactions. The findings have implications for parenting practices in developmentally normal populations. In addition, we propose that infants’ physiological response may be useful in clinical assessments as we discuss possible implications on early screening for child psychopathology (e.g. Autism Spectrum Disorders, and Perinatal Brain Disorders).en_US
dc.format.extent17 p.en_US
dc.language.isoenen_US
dc.relation.ispartofseriesFrontiers in psychologyen_US
dc.rights© 2015 Esposito, Setoh, Yoshida and Kuroda. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY). The use, distribution and reproduction in other forums is permitted, provided the original author(s) or licensor are credited and that the original publication in this journal is cited, in accordance with accepted academic practice. No use, distribution or reproduction is permitted which does not comply with these terms.en_US
dc.subjectDRNTU::Social sciences::Psychology::Affection and emotion
dc.titleThe calming effects of maternal carrying in different mammalian speciesen_US
dc.typeJournal Article
dc.contributor.schoolSchool of Humanities and Social Sciencesen_US
dc.description.versionPublished versionen_US
dc.identifier.rims184810
dc.identifier.urljournal.frontiersin.org/article/10.3389/fpsyg.2015.00445/pdf


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