A high energy and power li-ion capacitor based on a TiO2 nanobelt array anode and a graphene hydrogel cathode
Fan, Hong Jin
Date of Issue2014
School of Physical and Mathematical Sciences
A novel hybrid Li-ion capacitor (LIC) with high energy and power densities is constructed by combining an electrochemical double layer capacitor type cathode (graphene hydrogels) with a Li-ion battery type anode (TiO2 nanobelt arrays). The high power source is provided by the graphene hydrogel cathode, which has a 3D porous network structure and high electrical conductivity, and the counter anode is made of free-standing TiO2 nanobelt arrays (NBA) grown directly on Ti foil without any ancillary materials. Such a subtle designed hybrid Li-ion capacitor allows rapid electron and ion transport in the non-aqueous electrolyte. Within a voltage range of 0.0−3.8 V, a high energy of 82 Wh kg−1 is achieved at a power density of 570 W kg−1. Even at an 8.4 s charge/discharge rate, an energy density as high as 21 Wh kg−1 can be retained. These results demonstrate that the TiO2 NBA//graphene hydrogel LIC exhibits higher energy density than supercapacitors and better power density than Li-ion batteries, which makes it a promising electrochemical power source.
© 2014 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim.