Water place names in the pre-Latin ligurian context. A study in prehistoric toponomastics and semantics
Perono Cacciafoco, Francesco
Date of Issue2013
School of Humanities and Social Sciences
This paper outlines a new applied epistemological aspect of the so-called Convergence Theory that is aimed to develop a potentially "homogeneous" vision between the different approaches in the field of Indo-European linguistics. This work tries to reconstruct an Italian and European toponymic area characterized by place names linked to the root *alb-, with a delineation of the "semantic steps" produced, over the centuries, by the same root, following a potential all-embracing approach. It seems that paleo-Ligurian place names of the type Alba, Old European river names Albis and the like, as well as their ablauting forms Olb- (> Orb- in Romance Ligurian), do not directly reflect the proto-Indo-European adjective *albho- 'white'; but rather they all seem to continue a pre-proto-Indo-European extended root *Hal-bh- 'water', cognate with the Sumerian ḫalbia (> Akkadian ḫalpium 'spring', 'well', 'water mass', 'water hole'). A further analysis of this *Hal-bh-, moreover, leads to a comparison with the proto-Indo-European root *Hal- 'nourish'. The proto-Indo-European suffixed form *HwaH-r- 'water', then, demonstrates a similar diffusion.
Problems of onomastics
© 2013 Voprosy Onomastiki (Problems of Onomastics). This paper was published in Problems of Onomastics and is made available as an electronic reprint (preprint) with permission of Voprosy Onomastiki (Problems of Onomastics). The paper can be found at the following official URL: [http://linguistlist.org/pubs/papers/browse-papers-action.cfm?PaperID=43988]. One print or electronic copy may be made for personal use only. Systematic or multiple reproduction, distribution to multiple locations via electronic or other means, duplication of any material in this paper for a fee or for commercial purposes, or modification of the content of the paper is prohibited and is subject to penalties under law.