Ancient names origins. Water roots and place-names in the prehistoric ligurian context
Perono Cacciafoco, Francesco
Date of Issue2013
School of Humanities and Social Sciences
Ancient Names Origins. Water Roots and Place-Names in the Prehistoric Ligurian Context. This paper outlines a new applied epistemological aspect of the so-called Convergence Theory, that is aimed at develop a potentially 'homogeneous' vision between the different approaches in the field of the Indo-European Linguistics. This work tries to 'reconstruct' a sort of Italian and European 'macro-area' (or 'micro-area') characterized by places names linked to the word-root *alb-, with a delineation of the 'semantic steps' produced, over the centuries, by the same word-root, following a potential all-embracing approach. It seems that Paleo-Ligurian place names of the type Alba, Old European river names Albis and the like, as well as their ablauting forms Olb- (> Orb- in Romance Ligurian), do not reflect directly the proto-Indo-European adjective *albho-, 'white'; rather, they all seem to continue a pre-proto-Indo-European extended root *Hal-bh-, 'water', cognate with the Sumerian ḫalbia (> Akkadian ḫalpium, 'spring', 'well', 'water mass', 'water hole'). A further analysis of the same *Hal-bh-, moreover, leads to a comparison with the proto-Indo-European root *Hal-, 'nourish'. The proto-Indo-European suffixed form *HwaH-r-, 'water', then, exhibits a similar diffusion.
Review of historical geography and toponomastics
© 2013 West University of Timisoara, Department of Geography. This paper was published in Review of Historical Geography and Toponomastics and is made available as an electronic reprint (preprint) with permission of West University of Timisoara, Department of Geography. The paper can be found at the following official URL: [http://linguistlist.org/pubs/papers/browse-papers-action.cfm?PaperID=43127]. One print or electronic copy may be made for personal use only. Systematic or multiple reproduction, distribution to multiple locations via electronic or other means, duplication of any material in this paper for a fee or for commercial purposes, or modification of the content of the paper is prohibited and is subject to penalties under law.