Simultaneous enrichment of plasma soluble and extracellular vesicular glycoproteins using prolonged ultracentrifugation-electrostatic repulsion-hydrophilic interaction chromatography (PUC-ERLIC) approach
Cheow, Esther Sok Hwee
Sim, Kae Hwan
de Kleijn, Dominique
Lee, Chuen Neng
Sze, Siu Kwan
Date of Issue2015
School of Biological Sciences
Plasma glycoproteins and extracellular vesicles represent excellent sources of disease biomarkers, but laboratory detection of these circulating structures are limited by their relatively low abundance in complex biological fluids. Although intensive research has led to the development of effective methods for the enrichment and isolation of either plasma glycoproteins or extracellular vesicles from clinical materials, at present it is not possible to enrich both structures simultaneously from individual patient sample, a method that affords the identification of biomarker combinations from both entities for the prediction of clinical outcomes will be clinically useful. We have therefore developed an enrichment method for use in mass spectrometry-based proteomic profiling that couples prolonged ultracentrifugation with electrostatic repulsion-hydrophilic interaction chromatography, to facilitate the recovery of both glycoproteins and extracellular vesicles from nondepleted human plasma. Following prolonged ultracentrifugation, plasma glycoproteins and extracellular vesicles were concentrated as a yellow suspension, and simultaneous analyses of low abundant secretory and vesicular glycoproteins was achieved in a single LC-MS/MS run. Using this systematic prolonged ultracentrifugation-electrostatic repulsion-hydrophilic interaction chromatography approach, we identified a total of 127 plasma glycoproteins at a high level of confidence (FDR ≤ 1%), including 48 glycoproteins with concentrations ranging from pg to ng/ml. The novel enrichment method we report should facilitate future human plasma-based proteome and glycoproteome that will identify novel biomarkers, or combinations of secreted and vesicle-derived biomarkers, that can be used to predict clinical outcomes in human patients.
DRNTU::Science::Biological sciences::Molecular biology
Molecular & cellular proteomics
© 2015 American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology. This is the author created version of a work that has been peer reviewed and accepted for publication by Molecular & Cellular Proteomics, American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology. It incorporates referee’s comments but changes resulting from the publishing process, such as copyediting, structural formatting, may not be reflected in this document. The published version is available at: [http://dx.doi.org/10.1074/mcp.O114.046391].