Anisotropic optical properties of rhombohedral and tetragonal thin film BiFeO3 phases
Date of Issue2015
School of Materials Science and Engineering
The anisotropic optical properties of multiferroic BiFeO3 thin films have been determined with Mueller matrix ellipsometry at room temperature. The full dielectric tensors of tetragonal-like and rhombohedral-like BiFeO3 phases epitaxially grown on LaAlO3 and SrTiO3 single crystal substrates, respectively, within the spectral range of 0.6 and 6.5 eV are reported. Strain-driven anisotropy changes and transition shifts are observed as well as evidence of sub-band gap many-particle excitations are found. The transition shifts, mostly to higher energies for the highly strained tetragonal-like BiFeO3 phase on LaAlO3, are indicative of band structure differences. Additionally, optical modeling, confirmed by piezoelectric force microscopy studies, revealed that the average polarization direction of bivariant BiFeO3 on LaAlO3 is not parallel to the crystallographic  direction but tilted by about 7∘. Spectral weight analyses reveal phase-dependent differences, underlining that theoretical calculations of optical spectra need further improvement to appropriately account for electronic and excitonic correlations to fully understand multiferroic BiFeO3.
Physical Review B
© 2015 American Physical Society (APS). This paper was published in Physical Review B and is made available as an electronic reprint (preprint) with permission of American Physical Society (APS). The published version is available at: [http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevB.92.075310]. One print or electronic copy may be made for personal use only. Systematic or multiple reproduction, distribution to multiple locations via electronic or other means, duplication of any material in this paper for a fee or for commercial purposes, or modification of the content of the paper is prohibited and is subject to penalties under law.