Molecular difference between WASP and N-WASP critical for chemotaxis of T-cells towards SDF-1α
Date of Issue2015-10-14
School of Biological Sciences
Wiskott-Aldrich Syndrome protein (WASP) integrates cell signaling pathways to the actin cytoskeleton, which play a critical role in T-cell activation and migration. Hematopoietic cells express both WASP and neural-WASP (N-WASP) which share similar domain structure, yet WASP deficiency causes Wiskott-Aldrich syndrome, suggesting that N-WASP present in the cells is not able to carry out all the functions of WASP. We have identified a unique internal thirty amino acid region (I30) in WASP, which regulates its function in chemotaxis of Jurkat T-cells. Deletion of the I30 region altered the WASP’s closed conformation and impaired its ability to rescue the chemotactic defect of WASP-deficient (JurkatWKD) T-cells. Expression of N-WASP in JurkatWKD T-cells using WASP promoter restored the migration velocity without correcting the chemotactic defect. However, insertion of I30 region in N-WASP (N-WASP-I30) enabled N-WASP to rescue the chemotactic defect of JurkatWKD T-cells. N-WASP-I30-EGFP displayed a punctate localization in contrast to the predominant nuclear localization of N-WASP-EGFP. Thus, our study has demonstrated that the I30 region of WASP is critical for localization and chemotaxis. This suggests that N-WASP’s failure to compensate for WASP in rescuing chemotaxis could be due to the absence of this I30 region.
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