Seismic behaviour of lightly reinforced concrete structural walls with openings
Date of Issue2015-09-01
School of Civil and Environmental Engineering
An experimental investigation was carried out to examine the seismic behaviour of three lightly reinforced concrete walls with openings subjected to reversed cyclic loading. The three specimens consisted of one solid wall as the control specimen while the other two walls were detailed with regular or irregular openings. The test results indicate that all three specimens eventually failed when the outermost reinforcing bars fractured while the concrete in the compression zone crushed and spalled severely near the base. The specimen with five openings had ultimate strength and stiffness degradation similar to the control specimen. The specimen with nine openings had a lower ultimate strength but exhibited higher ductility, slower stiffness degradation and a more significant shear contribution than the control specimen. Furthermore, strut-and-tie models were developed to predict the ultimate strength of walls with openings. The results obtained from the strut-and-tie models were found to be consistent with the experimentally observed results.
Civil and Environmental Engineering
Magazine of Concrete Research
© 2015 ICE Publishing. This paper was published in Magazine of Concrete Research and is made available as an electronic reprint (preprint) with permission of ICE Publishing. The published version is available at: [http://dx.doi.org/10.1680/macr.14.00428]. One print or electronic copy may be made for personal use only. Systematic or multiple reproduction, distribution to multiple locations via electronic or other means, duplication of any material in this paper for a fee or for commercial purposes, or modification of the content of the paper is prohibited and is subject to penalties under law.