dc.contributor.authorZhang, Lizhi
dc.contributor.authorShe, Qianhong
dc.contributor.authorWang, Rong
dc.contributor.authorWongchitphimon, Sunee
dc.contributor.authorChen, Yunfeng
dc.contributor.authorFane, Anthony Gordon
dc.identifier.citationZhang, L., She, Q., Wang, R., Wongchitphimon, S., Chen, Y., & Fane, A. G. (2016). Unique roles of aminosilane in developing anti-fouling thin film composite (TFC) membranes for pressure retarded osmosis (PRO). Desalination.en_US
dc.description.abstractPressure retarded osmosis (PRO) has been identified as a promising technology to harvest the salinity gradient energy. For practical applications of PRO process, membrane fouling is a challenging issue as it leads to severe decline of PRO performance in terms of water flux and power density. It is imperative to develop anti-fouling membranes for PRO process. The current study demonstrated the unique roles and the great potential of aminosilane in developing anti-fouling thin film composite (TFC) PRO membranes. Experimental results revealed that aminosilane as a grafting agent can modify both the support layer (interior) and the selective layer of PRO membranes with remarkably enhanced hydrophilicity via a very simple grafting procedure. In the grafting, aminosilane was able to minimize the pore-blocking issue with almost no increase in the membrane structural parameter (S). Meanwhile, the membrane mechanical strength was well maintained with the grafting due to the capability of aminosilane as a cross-linker. With enhanced hydrophilicity, it was interestingly found that the water permeability (A) was doubled, while the salt rejection was maintained nearly unchanged. The combination of these effects brought in remarkably enhanced water flux, power density and anti-fouling property to the resultant membrane.en_US
dc.description.sponsorshipNRF (Natl Research Foundation, S’pore)en_US
dc.description.sponsorshipEDB (Economic Devt. Board, S’pore)en_US
dc.format.extent25 p. + 14 p. figuresen_US
dc.rights© 2015 Elsevier B.V. This is the author created version of a work that has been peer reviewed and accepted for publication by Desalination, Elsevier B.V. It incorporates referee’s comments but changes resulting from the publishing process, such as copyediting, structural formatting, may not be reflected in this document. The published version is available at: [http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.desal.2015.12.024].en_US
dc.subjectPressure retarded osmosis (PRO)en_US
dc.titleUnique roles of aminosilane in developing anti-fouling thin film composite (TFC) membranes for pressure retarded osmosis (PRO)en_US
dc.typeJournal Article
dc.contributor.researchSingapore Membrane Technology Centreen_US
dc.contributor.researchNanyang Environment and Water Research Institute
dc.contributor.schoolSchool of Civil and Environmental Engineeringen_US
dc.description.versionAccepted versionen_US

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