Biomimetic Nanostructured Materials — Potential Regulators for Osteogenesis?
Nguyen, Luong T. H.
Chan, Casey K.
Date of Issue2011
School of Materials Science and Engineering
Nanostructured materials are gaining new impetus owing to the advancements in material fabrication techniques and their unique properties (their nanosize, high surface area-to-volume ratio, and high porosity). Such nanostructured materials mimic the subtleties of extracellular matrix (ECM) proteins, creating artifi cial microenvironments which resemble the native niches in the body. On the other hand, the isolation of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) from various tissue sources has resulted in the interest to study the multiple differentiation lineages for various therapeutic treatments. In this review, our focus is tailored towards the potential of biomimetic nanostructured materials as osteoinductive scaffolds for bone regeneration to differentiate MSCs towards osteoblastic cell types without the presence of soluble factors. In addition to mimicking the nanostructure of native bone, the supplement of collagen and hydroxyapatite which mimic the main components of the ECM also brings signifi cant advantages to these materials.
Annals, Academy of Medicine, Singapore
© 2011 Annals, Academy of Medicine, Singapore. This paper was published in Annals, Academy of Medicine, Singapore and is made available as an electronic reprint (preprint) with permission of Annals, Academy of Medicine, Singapore. The published version is available at: [http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21678012]. One print or electronic copy may be made for personal use only. Systematic or multiple reproduction, distribution to multiple locations via electronic or other means, duplication of any material in this paper for a fee or for commercial purposes, or modification of the content of the paper is prohibited and is subject to penalties under law.