Divorce and Separation in India
Date of Issue2016
School of Humanities and Social Sciences
In India divorce and separation are perceived to be relatively rare events. While quantitative data are lacking, there is a rich multi-disciplinary literature on various aspects of marital stability in India. This article draws on this literature to contextualize the key aspects of marriage and the socio-cultural and legal systems that influence durability of marriages in India. The article then presents estimates of prevalence, trends, and variations in divorce and separation using data from a large nationally representative survey. Finally, using education as a broad measure, the article investigates the impact of social changes on durability of marriages between 1987 and 2007. The findings reveal an upward trend and significant variations in divorce and separation by region, religion, rural and urban residence, and number and sex of children. Marriage among bettereducated women is more durable and the difference between less-educated and better-educated women has widened over time.
Humanities and Social Sciences
Population and Development Review
© 2016 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. This is the author created version of a work that has been peer reviewed and accepted for publication by Population and Development Review, Wiley Periodicals, Inc. It incorporates referee’s comments but changes resulting from the publishing process, such as copyediting, structural formatting, may not be reflected in this document. The published version is available at: [http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1728-4457.2016.00127.x].