Cesium Carbonate Functionalized Graphene Quantum Dots as Stable Electron-Selective Layer for Improvement of Inverted Polymer Solar Cells
Yang, Hong Bin
Dong, Yong Qiang
Khoo, Si Yun
Date of Issue2013
School of Chemical and Biomedical Engineering
Solution processable inverted bulk heterojunction (BHJ) polymer solar cells (PSCs) are promising alternatives to conventional silicon solar cells because of their low cost roll-to-roll production and flexible device applications. In this work, we demonstrated that Cs2CO3 functionalized graphene quantum dots (GQDs–Cs2CO3) could be used as efficient electron-selective layers in inverted PSCs. Compared with Cs2CO3 buffered devices, the GQDs–Cs2CO3 buffered devices show 56% improvement in power conversion efficiency, as well as 200% enhancement in stability, due to the better electron-extraction, suppression of leakage current, and inhibition of Cs+ ion diffusion at the buffer/polymer interface by GQDs–Cs2CO3. This work provides a thermal-annealing-free, solution-processable method for fabricating electron-selective layer in inverted PSCs, which should be beneficial for the future development of high performance all-solution-processed or roll-to-roll processed PSCs.
ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
© 2013 American Chemical Society.