Reinforcing nylon 6 via surface-initiated anionic ring-opening polymerization from stacked-cup carbon nanofibers
Toh, Cher Ling
Date of Issue2013
School of Materials Science and Engineering
This article reports the preparation of nylon 6/stacked-cup carbon nanofiber (CNF) nanocomposites via in situ anionic ring-opening polymerization partially initiated from caprolactam-functionalized CNFs. As a result of the successful functionalization of CNF surface, good dispersion of the CNFs was observed by transmission electron microscopy (TEM). Moreover, with the addition of a very small amount of CNFs, significant enhancements in tensile modulus and yield strength were achieved together with slightly improved impact resistance. The enhanced stiffness may be attributed to effective filler–matrix stress transfer induced by interfacial covalent bonds. On the other hand, SEM micrographs provided evidence for the possible unraveling of the stacked-cup CNF, which may allow the CNFs to bridge the matrix during crack propagation, hence resulting in the toughening of the nanocomposites.
A. Carbon fibers
Composites Science and Technology
© 2013 Elsevier.