Biosorption for Carbon Capture on Acclimated Sludge – Process Kinetics and Microbial Community
Neo, Jia Ling
Ng, Wun Jern
Date of Issue2016
School of Civil and Environmental Engineering
Nanyang Environment and Water Research Institute
This study investigated the biosorption process kinetics and the associated microbial community. Seed sludge from the aeration tank of a wastewater treatment plant in Singapore was acclimated with synthetic wastewater formulated to contain colloidal (ca. 40%) and dissolved COD (Chemical Oxygen Demand). The COD removal kinetics and the individual mechanisms involved were determined by subjecting the acclimated sludge to increasing organic loadings (0.1, 0.5, 1.0, and 2.5 g COD per g suspended solid) of synthetic wastewater. Under pH 7, sorption capacity of the acclimated sludge increased with organic loading. Comparison between live and azide-inactivated sludge revealed that under organic loading of 1.0 g COD/g SS, a level similar to a typical contact tank for carbon capture, at least 74% of the biosorption capacity was contributed by carbon storage. Kinetics data suggested that carbon storage was the predominant mechanism in the first 20–30 min of the carbon capture biosorption process. The removal kinetics of dissolved COD can be represented by a pseudo-second-order model and intraparticle diffusion model. These suggested the rate-limiting steps could include chemisorption and intraparticle diffusion. On the other hand, colloid COD removal can be described as a first order process with respect to initial organic loading. Taxa capable of carbon-storage which include Chloroflexi, Thiobacillus sp., Xanthobacter sp., Mycobacterium sp., and Nakamurella sp., were uniquely detected in the acclimated sludge.
Biochemical Engineering Journal
© 2016 Elsevier. This is the author created version of a work that has been peer reviewed and accepted for publication by Biochemical Engineering Journal, Elsevier. It incorporates referee’s comments but changes resulting from the publishing process, such as copyediting, structural formatting, may not be reflected in this document. The published version is available at: [http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bej.2016.04.022].