Calcium phosphate coated Keratin–PCL scaffolds for potential bone tissue regeneration
Lui, Yuan Siang
Choo, Caleb Kai Chuen
Sow, Wan Ting
Huang, Charlotte Liwen
Ng, Kee Woei
Tan, Lay Poh
Loo, Joachim Say Chye
Date of Issue2015
School of Materials Science and Engineering
Singapore Centre on Environmental Life Sciences Engineering
The incorporation of hydroxyapatite (HA) nanoparticles within or on the surface of electrospun polymeric scaffolds is a popular approach for bone tissue engineering. However, the fabrication of osteoconductive composite scaffolds via benign processing conditions still remains a major challenge to date. In this work, a new method was developed to achieve a uniform coating of calcium phosphate (CaP) onto electrospun keratin–polycaprolactone composites (Keratin–PCL). Keratin within PCL was crosslinked to decrease its solubility, before coating of CaP. A homogeneous coating was achieved within a short time frame (~ 10 min) by immersing the scaffolds into Ca2 + and (PO4)3 − solutions separately. Results showed that the incorporation of keratin into PCL scaffolds not only provided nucleation sites for Ca2 + adsorption and subsequent homogeneous CaP surface deposition, but also facilitated cell–matrix interactions. An improvement in the mechanical strength of the resultant composite scaffold, as compared to other conventional coating methods, was also observed. This approach of developing a biocompatible bone tissue engineering scaffold would be adopted for further in vitro osteogenic differentiation studies in the future.
Materials Science and Engineering: C
© 2015 Elsevier.