High Secured Low Power Multiplexer-LUT Based AES S-Box Implementation
Pammu, Ali Akbar
Ne, Kyaw Zwa Lwin
Date of Issue2016
2016 International Conference on Information Systems Engineering (ICISE)
School of Electrical and Electronic Engineering
Centre for Integrated Circuits and Systems
We propose a Multiplexer Look-Up-Table (MLUT) based Substitution-Box (S-Box) implementation for the Advanced Encryption Standard (AES) algorithm. There are two key features in the proposed MLUT based S-Box. First, it is implemented based on 256-byte to 1-byte multiplexer with a 256-byte memory instead of the conventional implementation of employing multiplication inversion in GF(28) and affine transformation. Thus, our proposed S-Box is simpler in circuit implementation and lower in power dissipation. Second, our S-Box is 30× more secured against the Side Channel Attack (SCA) based on Correlation Power Analysis (CPA), as our proposed S-Box exhibits smaller variance in its power dissipation profile for different processed data. Based on the measurement results of AES-128 implemented on the Sakura-X FPGA board, our proposed S-Box dissipates only 1.9mW and features 5.5× lower power than the conventional S-Box implementation. Our proposed MLUT S-Box design is also highly secured as the CPA attack on the AES with our proposed S-Box implementation requires 13540 power traces. This is significantly higher than the conventional S-Box which requires only 445 power traces to uncover the same secrete key.
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