Microfluidic metamaterial sensor: Selective trapping and remote sensing of microparticles
Ho, Chong Pei
Date of Issue2017
School of Physical and Mathematical Sciences
Center for Disruptive Photonic Technologies
We experimentally demonstrate the integration of a microfluidic trap array on top of metamaterial resonators for size selective trapping and remote sensing of microparticles. A split-ring resonator (SRR) design supports strongly confined electric field in the capacitive split gap at the fundamental inductive-capacitive resonance mode. The tightly confined electric field in the SRR gap forms a hot-spot that has become an enabling platform for sensing applications. Here, we extend the concept of metamaterial sensing to “trapping and sensing” by fabricating trapezoidal shaped structures near the split gap that enables trapping of microparticles in the split-gap region of each SRR. The proposed microfluidic metamaterial sensor enables sensing of different refractive index microparticles in terms of change in the transmitted amplitude and resonance frequency of the fundamental resonance mode operating in the terahertz spectral region. The proposed approach exploits the advantages offered by microfluidics, metamaterials, and terahertz technologies to form an ideal platform for ultra-sensitive, label-free, remote, and non-destructive detection of micro-substances.
Journal of Applied Physics
© 2017 AIP Publishing. This paper was published in Journal of Applied Physics and is made available as an electronic reprint (preprint) with permission of AIP Publishing. The published version is available at: [http://dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.4973492]. One print or electronic copy may be made for personal use only. Systematic or multiple reproduction, distribution to multiple locations via electronic or other means, duplication of any material in this paper for a fee or for commercial purposes, or modification of the content of the paper is prohibited and is subject to penalties under law.