dc.contributor.authorChan, Wei Ping
dc.contributor.authorWang, Jing-Yuan
dc.identifier.citationChan, W. P., & Wang, J.-Y. (2016). Comprehensive characterisation of sewage sludge for thermochemical conversion processes - Based on Singapore survey. Waste Management, 54, 131-142.en_US
dc.description.abstractRecently, sludge attracted great interest as a potential feedstock in thermochemical conversion processes. However, compositions and thermal degradation behaviours of sludge were highly complex and distinctive compared to other traditional feedstock led to a need of fundamental research on sludge. Comprehensive characterisation of sludge specifically for thermochemical conversion was carried out for all existing Water Reclamation Plants in Singapore. In total, 14 sludge samples collected based on the type, plant, and batch categorisation. Existing characterisation methods for physical and chemical properties were analysed and reviewed using the collected samples. Qualitative similarities and quantitative variations of different sludge samples were identified and discussed. Oxidation of inorganic in sludge during ash forming analysis found to be causing significant deviations on proximate and ultimate analysis. Therefore, alternative parameters and comparison basis including Fixed Residues (FR), Inorganic Matters (IM) and Total Inorganics (TI) were proposed for better understanding on the thermochemical characteristics of sludge.en_US
dc.description.sponsorshipNRF (Natl Research Foundation, S’pore)en_US
dc.format.extent41 p.en_US
dc.relation.ispartofseriesWaste Managementen_US
dc.rights© 2016 Elsevier. This is the author created version of a work that has been peer reviewed and accepted for publication by Waste Management, Elsevier. It incorporates referee’s comments but changes resulting from the publishing process, such as copyediting, structural formatting, may not be reflected in this document. The published version is available at: [http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.wasman.2016.04.038].en_US
dc.subjectThermochemical conversionen_US
dc.titleComprehensive characterisation of sewage sludge for thermochemical conversion processes - Based on Singapore surveyen_US
dc.typeJournal Article
dc.contributor.researchNanyang Environment and Water Research Instituteen_US
dc.contributor.schoolSchool of Civil and Environmental Engineeringen_US
dc.description.versionAccepted versionen_US

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