Constructing Ru/TiO 2 Heteronanostructures Toward Enhanced Photocatalytic Water Splitting via a RuO 2 /TiO 2 Heterojunction and Ru/TiO 2 Schottky Junction
Date of Issue2016
School of Materials Science and Engineering
Photocatalysts based on metallic Ru and RuO2 dual co-catalysts modified TiO2 nanobelts (NBs) are constructed through a wet-impregnation reduction method with post thermal oxidation. The samples are characterized carefully and their photocatalytic activities for the half reactions of water splitting as well as full water splitting are evaluated systematically under solar light irradiation. The detailed characterizations and analyses clearly reveal the formation of a Schottky junction at the Ru-TiO2 interface and of RuO2/TiO2 heterojunctions. The results of the photocatalytic tests show that both Ru and RuO2 can improve the photocatalytic activity for H2/O2 evolution and water splitting. Moreover, the photocatalytic activity of the TiO2 NBs can be further enhanced by co-modification with dual Ru and RuO2 co-catalysts. The RuO2/TiO2 heterojunction improves the transfer of the photogenerated holes from the TiO2 to the RuO2, where water can be oxidized by the holes to evolve O2, and the Ru/TiO2 Schottky junction promotes the transfer of photogenerated electrons from the TiO2 NBs to the metallic Ru for proton reduction into H2. These two processes are involved in the overall water splitting. This work provides an important reference for designing highly efficient photocatalysts for water splitting through loading of dual co-catalysts containing the same element but with different valence structures.
Advanced Materials Interfaces
© 2015 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim. This is the author created version of a work that has been peer reviewed and accepted for publication by Advanced Materials Interfaces, WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim. It incorporates referee’s comments but changes resulting from the publishing process, such as copyediting, structural formatting, may not be reflected in this document. The published version is available at: [http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/admi.201500631].