Fast and Simple Construction of Efficient Solar-Water-Splitting Electrodes with Micrometer-Sized Light-Absorbing Precursor Particles
Ma, Su Su Khine
Date of Issue2016
School of Materials Science and Engineering
Energy Research Institute @ NTU
Micrometer-sized light-absorbing semiconductor particles (usually prepared by high temperature synthetic techniques) hold the desirable merits of high crystallinity, low concentrations of bulk defects, and a decreased grain boundary density to reduce bulk recombination of photocarriers. However, solar-water-splitting electrodes assembled using them as precursors always produce very low photocurrents. This could be due to the lack of an effective fabrication and/or modification protocol applicable to assemble these micrometer-sized semiconductor particles into suitable electrode configurations. A fast and simple fabrication scheme of drop-casting followed by the necking treatment is developed to enable the micrometer-sized precursor particles derived photoelectrodes to deliver appreciable photocurrent densities (>1 mA cm−2). By applying this fabrication scheme, photoelectrodes of solid-state reaction derived Mo doped BiVO4 (≈4 μm, modified with oxygen evolution catalysts) and commercial WO3 (size ranging from 100 nm to >10 μm) have yielded photocurrent densities higher than 1 mA cm−2, while the photoelectrode composed of commercial CdSe (≈10 μm) is able to produce a photocurrent density higher than 5 mA cm−2 (in a Na2S aqueous solution). This strategy provides a new possible way, in addition to the predominant route of nanostructuring, to construct efficient solar-water-splitting electrodes.
Advanced Materials Technologies
© 2016 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim. This is the author created version of a work that has been peer reviewed and accepted for publication by Advanced Materials Technologies, WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim. It incorporates referee’s comments but changes resulting from the publishing process, such as copyediting, structural formatting, may not be reflected in this document. The published version is available at: [http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/admt.201600119].