Going native: Complete removal of protein purification affinity tags by simple modification of existing tags and proteases
Goh, Hui Chin
Sobota, Radoslaw M.
Ghadessy, Farid J.
Date of Issue2017
School of Biological Sciences
Protein purification typically involves expressing a recombinant gene comprising a target protein fused to a suitable affinity tag. After purification, it is often desirable to remove the affinity tag to prevent interference with downstream functions of the target protein. This is mainly accomplished by placing a protease site between the tag and the target protein. Typically, a small oligopeptide ‘stub’ C-terminal to the cleavage site remains attached to the target protein due to the requirements of sequence-specific proteases. Furthermore, steric hindrance can also limit protease efficiency. Here, we show that respectively fusing the interacting ePDZ-b/ARVCF protein-peptide pair to the target protein and a protease enables efficient processing of a minimised sequence comprising only residues N-terminal to the cleavage site. Interaction of the protein-peptide pair enforces proximity of the protease and its minimised cleavage sequence, enhancing both catalysis of a sub-optimal site and overcoming steric hindrance. This facilitates the high yield purification of fully native target proteins without recourse to specialised purification columns.
Protein Expression and Purification
© 2016 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Inc. This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/).