Going native: Complete removal of protein purification affinity tags by simple modification of existing tags and proteases
Goh, Hui Chin
Sobota, Radoslaw M.
Ghadessy, Farid J.
Date of Issue2017-01
School of Biological Sciences
Protein purification typically involves expressing a recombinant gene comprising a target protein fused to a suitable affinity tag. After purification, it is often desirable to remove the affinity tag to prevent interference with downstream functions of the target protein. This is mainly accomplished by placing a protease site between the tag and the target protein. Typically, a small oligopeptide ‘stub’ C-terminal to the cleavage site remains attached to the target protein due to the requirements of sequence-specific proteases. Furthermore, steric hindrance can also limit protease efficiency. Here, we show that respectively fusing the interacting ePDZ-b/ARVCF protein-peptide pair to the target protein and a protease enables efficient processing of a minimised sequence comprising only residues N-terminal to the cleavage site. Interaction of the protein-peptide pair enforces proximity of the protease and its minimised cleavage sequence, enhancing both catalysis of a sub-optimal site and overcoming steric hindrance. This facilitates the high yield purification of fully native target proteins without recourse to specialised purification columns.
Protein Expression and Purification
© 2016 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Inc. This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/).