A wafer-scale graphene and ferroelectric multilayer for flexible and fast-switched modulation applications
Tay, Roland Yingjie
Teo, Edwin Hang Tong
Date of Issue2015
School of Electrical and Electronic Engineering
Here we report a wafer-scale graphene/P(VDF-TrFE)/graphene multilayer for light-weight, flexible and fast-switched broadband modulation applications. The P(VDF-TrFE) film not only significantly reduces the sheet resistance of graphene throughout heavy doping of ∼0.8 × 1013 cm−2 by nonvolatile ferroelectric dipoles, but also acts as an efficient electro-optic (EO) layer. Such multilayered structural integration with remarkable ferroelectric polarization, high transparency (>90%), low sheet resistance (∼302 Ω □−1), and excellent mechanic flexibility shows the potential of a flexible modulation application over a broad range of wavelengths. Moreover, the derived device also exhibits strong field-induced EO modulation even under bending and one large Pockels coefficient (∼54.3 pm V−1) is obtained. Finally, the graphene and ferroelectric hybrid demonstrates a fast switching time (∼2 μs) and works well below low sheet resistance level over a long time. This work gives insights into the potential of graphene and ferroelectric hybrid structures, enabling future exploration on next-generation high-performance, flexible transparent electronics and photonics.
© 2015 The Royal Society of Chemistry. This is the author created version of a work that has been peer reviewed and accepted for publication by Nanoscale, The Royal Society of Chemistry. It incorporates referee’s comments but changes resulting from the publishing process, such as copyediting, structural formatting, may not be reflected in this document. The published version is available at: [http://dx.doi.org/10.1039/C5NR03020J].