Optimal Spectral Schemes Based on Generalized Prolate Spheroidal Wave Functions of Order -1
Date of Issue2017
School of Physical and Mathematical Sciences
We introduce a family of generalized prolate spheroidal wave functions (PSWFs) of order -1, and develop new spectral schemes for second-order boundary value problems. Our technique differs from the differentiation approach based on PSWFs of order zero in Kong and Rokhlin (Appl Comput Harmon Anal 33(2):226–260, 2012); in particular, our orthogonal basis can naturally include homogeneous boundary conditions without the re-orthogonalization of Kong and Rokhlin (2012). More notably, it leads to diagonal systems or direct “explicit” solutions to 1D Helmholtz problems in various situations. Using a rule optimally pairing the bandwidth parameter and the number of basis functions as in Kong and Rokhlin (2012), we demonstrate that the new method significantly outperforms the Legendre spectral method in approximating highly oscillatory solutions. We also conduct a rigorous error analysis of this new scheme. The idea and analysis can be extended to generalized PSWFs of negative integer order for higher-order boundary value and eigenvalue problems.
Generalized prolate spheroidal wave functions of order -1
Journal of Scientific Computing
© 2017 Springer.