dc.contributor.authorWang, Jingwei
dc.contributor.authorWu, Bing
dc.contributor.authorLiu, Yu
dc.contributor.authorFane, Anthony Gordon
dc.contributor.authorChew, Jia Wei
dc.identifier.citationWang, J., Wu, B., Liu, Y., Fane, A. G., & Chew, J. W. (2017). Effect of fluidized granular activated carbon (GAC) on critical flux in the microfiltration of particulate foulants. Journal of Membrane Science, 523, 409-417.en_US
dc.description.abstractThe fluidization of Granular Activated Carbon (GAC) particles has received much attention in recent years as a promising method for mitigating membrane fouling particularly in membrane bioreactors (MBRs). In particular, the fluidized GAC particles are acknowledged to be beneficial in terms of adsorption of organic foulants, and mechanical scouring and surface shear of the membrane surface. Both lab-scale and pilot-scale studies have affirmed the efficacy of GAC fluidization in maintaining a depressed extent of membrane fouling in anaerobic fluidized bed - membrane bioreactors (AnFMBRs). More in-depth studies have also correlated the hydrodynamics of fluidized GAC particles with the effectiveness of membrane fouling mitigation. This study aimed at understanding the improvement of fine (micron-sized) particle critical flux in the presence of fluidized GAC via the Direct Observation Through the Membrane (DOTM) technique. The model foulant was a suspension of polystyrene particles (5 µm sized), and the parameters investigated included GAC particle diameter (dp), superficial liquid velocity (Ul) and thereby power requirement (Pr), and height along the vertically aligned membrane. Results indicate that: (i) fluidized GAC increased the critical flux by an order-of-magnitude relative to that with tangential liquid shear alone; (ii) the overall critical flux (Jcritical, overall) expectedly increased with power input (Pr), but the relationship between local critical flux (Jcritical) and power input (Pr) depended on the position along the membrane height; (iii) at the same Pr, although the larger GAC particles were more effective locally (i.e., higher Jcritical) due to greater particle inertia, the smaller GAC particles were more effective overall (i.e., higher Jcritical, overall) due to greater bed expansion enabling scouring of more membrane heights; and (iv) a higher power input (Pr) was required for sufficient bed expansion to enable more consistent critical flux (Jcritical) values over the whole membrane height.en_US
dc.description.sponsorshipNRF (Natl Research Foundation, S’pore)en_US
dc.description.sponsorshipMOE (Min. of Education, S’pore)en_US
dc.description.sponsorshipEDB (Economic Devt. Board, S’pore)en_US
dc.relation.ispartofseriesJournal of Membrane Scienceen_US
dc.rights© 2016 Elsevieren_US
dc.subjectMembrane fouling mitigationen_US
dc.subjectLiquid-solid fluidizationen_US
dc.titleEffect of fluidized granular activated carbon (GAC) on critical flux in the microfiltration of particulate foulantsen_US
dc.typeJournal Article
dc.contributor.researchNanyang Environment and Water Research Instituteen_US
dc.contributor.researchSingapore Membrane Technology Centreen_US
dc.contributor.schoolSchool of Chemical and Biomedical Engineeringen_US
dc.contributor.schoolSchool of Civil and Environmental Engineeringen_US
dc.contributor.schoolInterdisciplinary Graduate Schoolen_US
dc.contributor.organizationAdvanced Environmental Biotechnology Centeren_US

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