dc.contributor.authorTanudjaja, Henry Jonathan
dc.contributor.authorPee, Wenxi
dc.contributor.authorFane, Anthony Gordon
dc.contributor.authorChew, Jia Wei
dc.identifier.citationTanudjaja, H. J., Pee, W., Fane, A. G., & Chew, J. W. (2016). Effect of spacer and crossflow velocity on the critical flux of bidisperse suspensions in microfiltration. Journal of Membrane Science, 513, 101-107.en_US
dc.description.abstractCrossflow microfiltration is a popular application spanning various industries. Although the impacts on fouling of feed bidispersity, crossflow velocity (CFV) and spacer, all of which are present in practical operations, are known separately, the understanding of the interplay of these three factors on fouling is lacking. Accordingly, this study used the Direct Observation Through the Membrane (DOTM) technique to characterize the critical flux of monodisperse and bidisperse polystyrene particles in both the absence and presence of a spacer over a range of CFV values. The results indicate that (i) the combined effects of both bidispersity (dp=3 µm and 10 µm) and spacer gave the highest Jcrit values for the smaller particles throughout the CFV range investigated; (ii) bidispersity was more effective in enhancing Jcrit at a lower CFV, while the presence of a spacer was more effective at a higher CFV; (iii) a higher CFV diminished the enhancement induced by bidispersity more than that by the spacer; and (iv) comparisons between models and experimental data reveal that shear-induced diffusion models based on monodisperse particles are deficient for bidisperse mixtures, because they cannot allow for particle size segregation effects that occur in flowing mixed systems.en_US
dc.description.sponsorshipMOE (Min. of Education, S’pore)en_US
dc.description.sponsorshipEDB (Economic Devt. Board, S’pore)en_US
dc.relation.ispartofseriesJournal of Membrane Scienceen_US
dc.rights© 2016 Elsevieren_US
dc.titleEffect of spacer and crossflow velocity on the critical flux of bidisperse suspensions in microfiltrationen_US
dc.typeJournal Article
dc.contributor.researchNanyang Environment and Water Research Instituteen_US
dc.contributor.researchSingapore Membrane Technology Centreen_US
dc.contributor.schoolSchool of Chemical and Biomedical Engineeringen_US
dc.contributor.schoolSchool of Civil and Environmental Engineeringen_US

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