Traffic managements for household travels in congested morning commute
Wang, David Zhi Wei
Date of Issue2016
School of Civil and Environmental Engineering
Due to the high car ownership cost or car ownership restrictions in many major cities, household travels, which include multiple trips for all the household members, become very common. One typical household travel can be observed as the consecutive school trip and work trip, which sends the traveler’s children to school first and then drive to their workplaces. In this paper, we analyse the departure time choice of the household travels and the equilibrium trip scheduling, i.e., extending the standard Vickrey’s bottleneck model from work commute with one single preferred arrival time (work start time) to household commute with two consecutive preferred arrival times (school start time and work start time). Then, we investigate one step toll in peak hour window to best manage the morning commute of household travels and analyse the impact of the school-work start time difference on individual cost, social cost and traffic managements, so that we can optimally set the school-work start time difference to minimize the total travel cost. In addition, an alternative tradable credit scheme is designed to manage the morning commute as a replacement of the road toll scheme.
Transportation Research Part E: Logistics and Transportation Review
© 2016 Elsevier Ltd. This is the author created version of a work that has been peer reviewed and accepted for publication by Transportation Research Part E: Logistics and Transportation Review, Elsevier Ltd. It incorporates referee’s comments but changes resulting from the publishing process, such as copyediting, structural formatting, may not be reflected in this document. The published version is available at: [http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.tre.2016.04.005].