Structured sparsity-driven autofocus algorithm for high-resolution radar imagery
Date of Issue2016
School of Electrical and Electronic Engineering
Recent development of compressive sensing has greatly benefited radar imaging problems. In this paper, we investigate the problem of obtaining enhanced targets such as ships and airplanes, where targets often exhibit structured sparsity. A novel structured sparsity-driven autofocus algorithm is proposed based on sparse Bayesian framework. The structured sparse prior is imposed on the target scene in a statistical manner. Based on a statistical framework, the proposed algorithm can simultaneously cope with structured sparse recovery and phase error correction problem. The focused high-resolution radar image can be obtained by iteratively estimating scattering coefficients and phase. Due to the structured sparse constraint, the proposed algorithm can desirably preserve the target region and alleviate over-shrinkage problem, compared to previous sparsity-driven auto-focus approaches. Moreover, to accelerate convergence rate of the algorithm, we propose to adaptively eliminate noise-only range cells in estimating phase errors. The selection is conveniently conducted based on the parameters controlling sparsity degree of the signal in the proposed hierarchical model. The simulated and real data experimental results demonstrate that the proposed algorithm can obtain more concentrated images with much smaller number of iterations, particularly in low SNR and highly under-sampling scenarios.
© 2016 Elsevier B.V.