Improved statistical learning abilities in adult bilinguals
Chun, Win Ee
Date of Issue2017
School of Humanities and Social Sciences
Using multiple languages may confer distinct advantages in cognitive control, yet it is unclear whether bilingualism is associated with better implicit statistical learning, a core cognitive ability underlying language. We tested bilingual adults on a challenging task requiring simultaneous learning of two miniature grammars characterized by different statistics. We found that participants learned each grammar significantly better than chance and both grammars equally well. Crucially, a validated continuous measure of bilingual dominance predicted accuracy scores for both artificial grammars in a generalized linear model. The study thus demonstrates the first graded advantage in learning novel statistical relations in adult bilinguals.
Artificial grammar learning
Bilingualism: Language and Cognition
© 2017 Cambridge University Press. This is the author created version of a work that has been peer reviewed and accepted for publication by Bilingualism: Language and Cognition , Cambridge University Press. It incorporates referee’s comments but changes resulting from the publishing process, such as copyediting, structural formatting, may not be reflected in this document. The published version is available at: [https://doi.org/10.1017/S1366728917000529].