dc.contributor.authorMcCaughey, Jamie W.
dc.contributor.authorMundir, Ibnu
dc.contributor.authorDaly, Patrick
dc.contributor.authorMahdi, Saiful
dc.contributor.authorPatt, Anthony
dc.date.accessioned2017-11-01T08:42:34Z
dc.date.available2017-11-01T08:42:34Z
dc.date.issued2017
dc.identifier.citationMcCaughey, J. W., Mundir, I., Daly, P., Mahdi, S., & Patt, A. (2017). Trust and distrust of tsunami vertical evacuation buildings: Extending protection motivation theory to examine choices under social influence. International Journal of Disaster Risk Reduction, 24, 462-473.en_US
dc.identifier.issn2212-4209en_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10220/43982
dc.description.abstractTsunami vertical evacuation (TVE) buildings have the potential to save many lives. Yet whether TVE buildings actually save lives depends critically on whether people trust and evacuate to them, a question that has not previously been researched. We examine the case of the city of Banda Aceh, Indonesia, where a M8.6 earthquake on 11-April-2012 caused a spontaneous mass evacuation but no tsunami. Our survey of residents living near TVE buildings (n = 202) shows that they clearly prefer horizontal evacuation: in the 2012 earthquake, only 26% evacuated to a TVE building, while 74% evacuated horizontally; if a similar earthquake happened in the future, only 32% intend to evacuate to a TVE building, while 68% intend to evacuate horizontally. To investigate the reasons for this, we extend protection motivation theory to examine people's choices among protective actions under social influence. Those who prefer to evacuate horizontally do not trust the safety of the TVE building and think they can reach a safe inland destination in time, while those who prefer to evacuate to a TVE building think they cannot reach a safe inland destination in time. Encouragement from friends and family influences people's evacuation destinations but official information and training do not. These findings suggest that more attention to the social context is crucial for the effectiveness of TVE buildings. Our extension of protection motivation theory to include choices among protective actions under social influence can be broadly useful in research on self-protective behavior in natural hazards, public health, and other contexts.en_US
dc.description.sponsorshipNRF (Natl Research Foundation, S’pore)en_US
dc.description.sponsorshipMOE (Min. of Education, S’pore)en_US
dc.format.extent12 p.en_US
dc.language.isoenen_US
dc.relation.ispartofseriesInternational Journal of Disaster Risk Reductionen_US
dc.rights© 2017 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Ltd. This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/BY-NC-ND/4.0/)en_US
dc.subjectTsunamien_US
dc.subjectEvacuationen_US
dc.titleTrust and distrust of tsunami vertical evacuation buildings: Extending protection motivation theory to examine choices under social influenceen_US
dc.typeJournal Article
dc.contributor.researchEarth Observatory of Singaporeen_US
dc.identifier.doihttp://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijdrr.2017.06.016
dc.description.versionPublished versionen_US


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