dc.contributor.authorXiao, Keke
dc.contributor.authorChen, Yun
dc.contributor.authorJiang, Xie
dc.contributor.authorSeow, Wan Yi
dc.contributor.authorHe, Chao
dc.contributor.authorYin, Yao
dc.contributor.authorZhou, Yan
dc.identifier.citationXiao, K., Chen, Y., Jiang, X., Seow, W. Y., He, C., Yin, Y., et al. (2017). Comparison of different treatment methods for protein solubilisation from waste activated sludge. Water Research, 122, 492-502.en_US
dc.description.abstractBiomaterials recovery from wasted activated sludge has become an increasing interesting research topic. The purpose of this study was to systemically evaluate different sludge disintegration methods (ultrasonic, alkaline, and thermal treatments) for protein solubilisation from waste activated sludge (WAS). Compared to control without treatment, the soluble protein concentration increased by 11, 23 and 12 times under the optimal treatment conditions (ultrasonic treatment of 1 W mL−1, alkaline treatment of pH 12 and thermal treatment at 80 °C). The increased soluble protein were significantly correlated with the release of total organic carbon (TOC), total dissolved nitrogen (TDN) and total organic nitrogen (TON) in soluble EPS, and the degradation of above parameters in tightly bound EPS. For all sludge samples treated by various methods, tyrosine-like protein with molecular weight less than 20 kDa predominated, and alkaline treatment at pH 12 showed the highest protein dominance. Further surface analysis of sludge by X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy indicated this might be related with the significant protein-N conversion occurred at pH 12. The economic analysis indicated alkaline treatment at pH 12 was economically feasible with a net saving of 25.57 USD per ton wet sludge compared to conventional sludge treatment and disposal method.en_US
dc.format.extent46 p.en_US
dc.relation.ispartofseriesWater Researchen_US
dc.rights© 2017 Elsevier Ltd. This is the author created version of a work that has been peer reviewed and accepted for publication by Water Research, Elsevier Ltd. It incorporates referee’s comments but changes resulting from the publishing process, such as copyediting, structural formatting, may not be reflected in this document. The published version is available at: [http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.watres.2017.06.024].en_US
dc.subjectProtein Solubilisationen_US
dc.titleComparison of different treatment methods for protein solubilisation from waste activated sludgeen_US
dc.typeJournal Article
dc.contributor.researchNanyang Environment and Water Research Instituteen_US
dc.contributor.schoolSchool of Chemical and Biomedical Engineeringen_US
dc.contributor.schoolSchool of Civil and Environmental Engineeringen_US
dc.description.versionAccepted versionen_US

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