Protein engineering for covalent immobilization and enhanced stability through incorporation of multiple noncanonical amino acids
Prabhu, Nadarajan Saravanan
Date of Issue2017
School of Materials Science and Engineering
In this study, we demonstrate the application of multiple functional properties of proteins generated through coupling of residue-specific and site-specific incorporation method. With green fluorescent protein (GFP) as a model protein, we constructed multifunctional GFP through sitespecific incorporation of L-3,4-dihydroxyphenylalanine (DOPA) and residue-specific incorporation of (2S, 4S)-4- fluoroproline (4S-FP) or L-homopropargylglycine (hpg). Fluorescence analysis revealed a conjugation efficiency of approximately 20% for conjugation of DOPA-containing variants GFPdopa, GFPdp[4S-FP], and GFPdphpg onto chitosan. While incorporation of 4S-FP improved protein folding and stability, hpg incorporation into GFP allowed conjugation with fluorescent dye/polyethylene glycol (PEG). In addition, the modification of GFPhpg and GFPdphpg with PEG through Cu(I)-catalyzed click reaction increased protein thermal stability by about two-fold of the wild-type GFP.
Multiple noncanonical amino acids
Biotechnology and Bioprocess Engineering
© 2017 The Korean Society for Biotechnology and Bioengineering and Springer