dc.contributor.authorZhang, Dong Qing
dc.contributor.authorEng, Chin Yee
dc.contributor.authorStuckey, David C.
dc.contributor.authorZhou, Yan
dc.identifier.citationZhang, D. Q., Eng, C. Y., Stuckey, D. C., & Zhou, Y. (2017). Effects of ZnO nanoparticle exposure on wastewater treatment and soluble microbial products (SMPs) in an anoxic-aerobic membrane bioreactor. Chemosphere, 171, 446-459.en_US
dc.description.abstractThe effect of zinc oxide nanoparticles (ZnO NPs) on the performance of an anoxic-aerobic submerged membrane bioreactor (MBR), and the characterization of the soluble microbial products (SMPs) produced in the presence of ZnO NPs was evaluated. Continuous operation over 144 days showed that ZnO NPs at concentrations of 10 and 50 mg/L exerted a negative impact on chemical oxygen demand (COD) and nitrogen removal, although ZnO NPs were efficiently removed in the MBR (>92%). 10 and 50 mg/L ZnO NPs decreased COD removal substantially from 93.1± 0.6% to 90.1± 0.8% (<0.05) and 86.3± 2.3% (<0.05), respectively. Similarly, with 10 and 50 mg L ZnO NPs, the decreased in NH4N removal was 8.1% and 21.1%, respectively. Exposure to 1, 10 and 50 mg/L ZnO NPs increased SMP concentrations by 12.8%, 42.4% and 51.5%, respecti. High performance size exclusion chromatograph (HP-SEC) analysis revealed that the presence of ZnO NPs caused a significant increase in high-molecular weight (MW) (583 kDa) SMPs at 1 and 10 mg/L ZnO NP concentration. A substantial decrease in the concentration of high-MW compounds in the MBR effluent was observed at the end of the experiment. Excitation emission matrix (EEM) fluorescence contours revealed that SMPs were dominated by amino acid-, tryptophan protein-, polyaromatic-, and polycarboxylate-type substances. The presence of ZnO NPs enhanced the production of amino acid-like (7.5–25.1%) and tryptophan protein-like compounds (31.7–38.1%), compared to the control (6.0–20.2% for amino acid-like compounds; and 28.5–36.7% for tryptophan protein-like compounds). In contrast, the fulvic and humic acid-like compounds decreased with exposure to ZnO NPs. This work may help better understanding the effect of nanoparticle exposure on wastewater treatment performance and SMP characteristics.en_US
dc.format.extent30 p.en_US
dc.rights© 2016 Elsevier Ltd. This is the author created version of a work that has been peer reviewed and accepted for publication by Chemosphere, Elsevier Ltd. It incorporates referee’s comments but changes resulting from the publishing process, such as copyediting, structural formatting, may not be reflected in this document. The published version is available at: [http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.chemosphere.2016.12.053].en_US
dc.subjectZnO Nanoparticlesen_US
dc.subjectMembrane Bioreactorsen_US
dc.titleEffects of ZnO nanoparticle exposure on wastewater treatment and soluble microbial products (SMPs) in an anoxic-aerobic membrane bioreactoren_US
dc.typeJournal Article
dc.contributor.researchNanyang Environment and Water Research Instituteen_US
dc.contributor.schoolSchool of Civil and Environmental Engineeringen_US
dc.description.versionAccepted versionen_US
dc.contributor.organizationAdvanced Environmental Biotechnology Centreen_US

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