Framework for autonomy in Southeast Asia's plural societies
Ferrer, Miriam Coronel
Date of Issue2001
S. Rajaratnam School of International Studies
Perhaps drawing inspiration from the success of East Timnor in separating from Indonesia, post-Cold War Southeast Asia faces a resurgence of ethnic strife. Ethnic mobilization, with its threat to the integrity of the nation-states as presently constructed, is thus emering as a key security issue for these states and the region. This study developed a framework for autonomy that can be useful to nation-states confronted with this problem. The elements of the framework were extracted from a survey of contemporary ethnic mobilization in four Southeast Asian countries - namely, in Southern Philippines, Southern Thailand, Aceh in Indonesia and Burma - and corresponding governmental responses. The scheme effectively illustrates how the nation-state territory can be preserved which sovereignty is diffused or devolved through various measures, including spatial arrangements that can maximize the criteria of distinctiveness and efficiency; and assuasive and corrective mechanisms, with their respective upward and downward streams, that respond to and find a balance among conflicting needs and interests.
DRNTU::Social sciences::Military and naval science::Strategy::Asia
RSIS Working Papers ; 013/01
Nanyang Technological University