Burma : protracted conflict, governance and non-traditional security issues
Date of Issue2001
S. Rajaratnam School of International Studies
Of all countries in Southeast Asia, Burma has the uneviable reputation of having the largest number of armed ethnic insurgencies, as well as an entreched civil opposition to the ruling military regime. The ethnic insurgencies began in 1948 while civel opposition has grown more open during the last decade. These conditions of protracted conflict raise a number of related questions: (1) Why has the conflict been so persistent and how is this related to "governance" in Burma? (2) Is it possible to distinguish non-traditional security issues in this conflict, and if so, what are the implications in relation to regional co-operation and stability? This paper seeks to address these questions through an examination of development in Burma since 1988, a watheshed year in domestic politico-military relations. It also seeks to establish a clear delineation of "governance" as an analytical cocept and to set out non-traditionally security issues arising from the conflict in Burma. the non-traditional security issues arise principally from the existence of approximately 120,000 refugees in Thailand, cross-border violations of Thailand's territorial sovereignty, and the massive influx of narcotics from Burma into Thailand and China. These issues are situated in relation to developments in Burma and proximate inter-state interactions. Finally, the paper examines the implications of these issues in the broader context of regional co-operation and stability, and undertakes a re-assessment of the relationship between non-traditional security issues and traditional(politico-military) issues.
DRNTU::Social sciences::Political science::Public administration::Asia
RSIS Working Papers ; 014/01
Nanyang Technological University