Science, state, and spirituality: Stories of four creationists in South Korea
Park, Hyung Wook
Date of Issue2017
School of Humanities and Social Sciences
This paper presents an analysis of the birth and growth of scientific creationism in South Korea by focusing on the lives of four major contributors. After creationism arrived in Korea in 1980 through the global campaign of leading American creationists, including Henry Morris and Duane Gish, it steadily grew in the country, reflecting its historical and social conditions, and especially its developmental state with its structured mode of managing science and appropriating religion. We argue that while South Korea’s creationism started with the state-centered conservative Christianity under the government that also vigilantly managed scientists, it subsequently constituted some technical experts’ efforts to move away from the state and its religion and science through their negotiation of a new identity as Christian intellectuals (chisigin). Our historical study will thus explain why South Korea became what Ronald Numbers has called “the creationist capital of the world.”
History of Science
© 2017 The Author(s).This is the author created version of a work that has been peer reviewed and accepted for publication in History of Science, published by SAGE Publications on behalf of The Author(s). It incorporates referee’s comments but changes resulting from the publishing process, such as copyediting, structural formatting, may not be reflected in this document. The published version is available at: [http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0073275317740268].