Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://hdl.handle.net/10356/87263
Title: 3-Amino-1,2,4(4H)-oxadiazol-5-one (AOD) and its nitrogen-rich salts: a class of insensitive energetic materials
Authors: Kumar, Sudheer Ambarkar
Sasidharan, Nimesh
Ganguly, Rakesh
Leow, Dasheng
Hng, Huey Hoon
Issue Date: 2018
Source: Kumar, S. A., Sasidharan, N., Ganguly, R., Leow, D., & Hng, H. H. (2018). 3-Amino-1,2,4(4H)-oxadiazol-5-one (AOD) and its nitrogen-rich salts: a class of insensitive energetic materials. New Journal of Chemistry, 42(3), 1840-1844.
Series/Report no.: New Journal of Chemistry
Abstract: The targeted energetic material 3-amino-1,2,4(4H)-oxadiazol-5-one (AOD) was synthesized from sodium dicyanamide using hydroxylamine hydrochloride in a one-step procedure. AOD was prepared by a novel procedure in good yield and characterized using spectroscopic (IR, Raman, NMR) techniques. The high nitrogen-containing hydroxylamine and hydrazine salts of AOD (3) were prepared from their respective nitrogen bases in good yields. The solid state structures of the synthesized molecules were confirmed by single X-ray crystallography. 3-Amino-1,2,4(4H)-oxadiazol-5-one (AOD, 3), 3-amino-1,2,4(4H)-oxadiazol-5-one-hydroxylamine (AOD-HyAm, 5) and 3-amino-1,2,4(4H)-oxadiazol-5-one-hydrazine (AOD-Hy, 6) showed densities of 1.76, 1.73 and 1.64 g cc−1 respectively. The thermal stabilities of the molecules were assessed by thermogravimetric analysis. Non-isothermal kinetics was performed on the molecules to derive the activation energy. Constant volume combustion energy was determined using oxygen bomb calorimetry and the heat of formation was calculated from the experimental values. Sensitivities of the molecules were measured by using impact and friction tests.
URI: https://hdl.handle.net/10356/87263
http://hdl.handle.net/10220/44369
ISSN: 1144-0546
DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1039/C7NJ03950F
Rights: © 2018 The Royal Society of Chemistry and the Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique. This is the author created version of a work that has been peer reviewed and accepted for publication by New Journal of Chemistry, The Royal Society of Chemistry and the Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique. It incorporates referee’s comments but changes resulting from the publishing process, such as copyediting, structural formatting, may not be reflected in this document. The published version is available at: [http://dx.doi.org/10.1039/C7NJ03950F].
Fulltext Permission: none
Fulltext Availability: No Fulltext
Appears in Collections:MSE Journal Articles

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