Self-Assembled Semiconducting Polymer Nanoparticles for Ultrasensitive Near-Infrared Afterglow Imaging of Metastatic Tumors
Date of Issue2018
School of Chemical and Biomedical Engineering
Detection of metastatic tumor tissues is crucial for cancer therapy; however, fluorescence agents that allow to do share the disadvantage of low signal‐to‐background ratio due to tissue autofluorescence. The development of amphiphilic poly(p‐phenylenevinylene) derivatives that can self‐assemble into the nanoagent (SPPVN) in biological solutions and emit near‐infrared afterglow luminescence after cessation of light irradiation for ultrasensitive imaging of metastatic tumors in living mice is herein reported. As compared with the counterpart nanoparticle (PPVP) prepared from the hydrophobic PPV derivate, SPPVN has smaller size, higher energy transfer efficiency, and brighter afterglow luminescence. Moreover, due to the higher PEG density of SPPVN relative to PPVP poly(ethylene glycol), SPPVN has a better accumulation in tumor. Such a high sensitivity and ideal biodistribution allow SPPVN to rapidly detect xenograft tumors with the size as small as 1 mm3 and tiny peritoneal metastatic tumors that are almost invisible to naked eye, which is not possible for PPVP. Moreover, the oxygen‐sensitive afterglow makes SPPVN potentially useful for in vivo imaging of oxygen levels. By virtue of enzymatic biodegradability and ideal in vivo clearance, these organic agents can serve as a platform for the construction of advanced afterglow imaging tools.
Lymph Node Imaging
© 2018 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim. This is the author created version of a work that has been peer reviewed and accepted for publication by Advanced Materials, WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim. It incorporates referee’s comments but changes resulting from the publishing process, such as copyediting, structural formatting, may not be reflected in this document. The published version is available at: [http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/adma.201801331].