Development and Evaluation of a Water-Based Flame Retardant Spray Coating for Cotton Fabrics
Zope, Indraneel Suhas
Seah, Dean Geng Jie
Akunuri, Aswini Tara
Date of Issue2017
School of Materials Science and Engineering
In this Research Article, we report on the development of water-based flame retardant coating based on phospho-nitrogen combination for cotton fabrics. A one-step spray-on process was employed to coat the fabrics by taking advantage of the spontaneous reaction between para-phenylenediamine (PDA) and tetrakis (hydroxymethyl) phosphonium chloride (THPC) resulting in an instantaneous precipitation of poly[1,4-diaminophenylene-tris(dimethyl hydroxymethyl)phosphine] (PApP) on the fabric surface. The effectiveness of PApP in improving the flame retardant properties like ignition resistance and lateral flame spread were evaluated in accordance with ASTM D6413 and BS EN ISO 15025 flammability tests. Despite the early (thermal) decomposition onset for coated fabrics under both oxidative and pyrolytic conditions, remarkably, self-extinguishing behavior (<3 s) without any lateral flame spread was observed. Possible reaction scheme was also proposed to correlate flame retardant mechanism of the coated fabrics with the observations. Additional analysis via pyrolysis combustion flow calorimetry and vertical flame testing before and after washing showed that flame retardant efficiency did decrease with washing, but the overall performance was still promising.
ACS Applied Materials and Interfaces
© 2017 American Chemical Society (ACS). This is the author created version of a work that has been peer reviewed and accepted for publication by ACS Applied Materials and Interfaces, American Chemical Society (ACS). It incorporates referee’s comments but changes resulting from the publishing process, such as copyediting, structural formatting, may not be reflected in this document. The published version is available at: [http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acsami.7b09863].