Multi-photon absorption in metal-organic frameworks
Fischer, Roland A.
Date of Issue2017
School of Physical and Mathematical Sciences
Centre for Disruptive Photonic Technologies
Multi‐photon absorption (MPA) is among the most prominent nonlinear optical (NLO) effects and has applications, for example in telecommunications, defense, photonics, and bio‐medicines. Established MPA materials include dyes, quantum dots, organometallics and conjugated polymers, most often dispersed in solution. We demonstrate how metal–organic frameworks (MOFs), a novel NLO solid‐state materials class, can be designed for exceptionally strong MPA behavior. MOFs consisting of zirconium‐ and hafnium‐oxo‐clusters and featuring a chromophore linker based on the tetraphenylethene (TPE) molecule exhibit record high two‐photon absorption (2PA) cross‐section values, up to 3600 GM. The unique modular building‐block principle of MOFs allows enhancing and optimizing their MPA properties in a theory‐guided approach by combining tailored charge polarization, conformational strain, three‐dimensional arrangement, and alignment of the chromophore linkers in the crystal.
Angewandte Chemie International Edition
© 2017 Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH &Co. KGaA, Weinheim. This is the author created version of a work that has been peer reviewed and accepted for publication by Angewandte Chemie International Edition, Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH &Co. KGaA, Weinheim. It incorporates referee’s comments but changes resulting from the publishing process, such as copyediting, structural formatting, may not be reflected in this document. The published version is available at: [http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/anie.201706492].