Valley surface-wave photonic crystal and its bulk/edge transport
Date of Issue2017
School of Physical and Mathematical Sciences
Centre for Disruptive Photonic Technologies
Recent theories have proposed a concept of valley photonic crystals as an analog of gapped valleytronic materials such as MoS2 and bilayer graphene. Here, we further extend the applicability of valley photonic crystals to surface electromagnetic waves and experimentally demonstrate a valley surface-wave photonic crystal on a single metal surface as a photonic duplicate of MoS2. Both bulk transport and edge transport are directly mapped with a near-field microwave imaging system. The photonic valley pseudospins are demonstrated, together with the photonic valley Hall effect that splits the opposite photonic valley pseudospins into two opposite directions. The valley edge transport in MoS2 or other transition-metal dichalcogenide monolayers, which is different from bilayer graphene but still stays unrealized in condensed-matter systems, is demonstrated on this MoS2-like photonic platform. Our study not only offers a tabletop platform to study the valleytronic physics, but also opens a venue for on-chip integrated photonic device applications using valley-polarized information.
Physical Review B
© 2017 American Physical Society (APS). This paper was published in Physical Review B and is made available as an electronic reprint (preprint) with permission of American Physical Society (APS). The published version is available at: [http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevB.96.201402]. One print or electronic copy may be made for personal use only. Systematic or multiple reproduction, distribution to multiple locations via electronic or other means, duplication of any material in this paper for a fee or for commercial purposes, or modification of the content of the paper is prohibited and is subject to penalties under law.