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Title: Illusory occlusion affects stereoscopic depth perception
Authors: Chen, Zhimin
Denison, Rachel N.
Whitney, David
Maus, Gerrit W.
Keywords: Illusory Occlusion
Stereoscopic Depth Perception
Issue Date: 2018
Source: Chen, Z., Denison, R. N., Whitney, D., & Maus, G. W. (2018). Illusory occlusion affects stereoscopic depth perception. Scientific Reports, 8(1), 5297-.
Series/Report no.: Scientific Reports
Abstract: When occlusion and binocular disparity cues conflict, what visual features determine how they combine? Sensory cues, such as T-junctions, have been suggested to be necessary for occlusion to influence stereoscopic depth perception. Here we show that illusory occlusion, with no retinal sensory cues, interacts with binocular disparity when perceiving depth. We generated illusory occlusion using stimuli filled in across the retinal blind spot. Observers viewed two bars forming a cross with the intersection positioned within the blind spot. One of the bars was presented binocularly with a disparity signal; the other was presented monocularly, extending through the blind spot, with no defined disparity. When the monocular bar was perceived as filled in through the blind spot, it was perceived as occluding the binocular bar, generating illusory occlusion. We found that this illusory occlusion influenced perceived stereoscopic depth: depth estimates were biased to be closer or farther, depending on whether a bar was perceived as in front of or behind the other bar, respectively. Therefore, the perceived relative depth position, based on filling-in cues, set boundaries for interpreting metric stereoscopic depth cues. This suggests that filling-in can produce opaque surface representations that can trump other depth cues such as disparity.
ISSN: 2045-2322
DOI: 10.1038/s41598-018-23548-3
Rights: © 2018 The Author(s) (Nature Publishing Group). This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. The images or other third party material in this article are included in the article’s Creative Commons license, unless indicated otherwise in the credit line; if the material is not included under the Creative Commons license, users will need to obtain permission from the license holder to reproduce the material. To view a copy of this license, visit
Fulltext Permission: open
Fulltext Availability: With Fulltext
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